The Papillon is a small, friendly, elegant toy dog of fine-boned
structure, light, dainty and of lively action; distinguished from other
breeds by its beautiful butterfly-like ears.
Size, Proportion, Substance
Size Height at withers, 8 to 11 inches. Fault-Over 11 inches. Disqualification
Over 12 inches. Proportion Body must be slightly longer than the
height at withers. It is not a cobby dog. Weight is in proportion to
height. Substance Of fine-boned structure.
Eyes dark, round, not bulging, of medium size and alert in
expression. The inner corners of the eyes are on line with the stop. Eye
rims black. Ears The ears of either the erect or drop type should
be large with rounded tips, and set on the sides and toward the back of
the head. (1) Ears of the erect type are carried obliquely and move like
the spread wings of a butterfly. When alert, each ear forms an angle of
approximately 45 degrees to the head. The leather should be of
sufficient strength to maintain the erect position. (2) Ears of the drop
type, known as the Phalene, are similar to the erect type, but are
carried drooping and must be completely down. Faults-Ears small,
pointed, set too high; one ear up, or ears partly down. Skull The
head is small. The skull is of medium width and slightly rounded between
the ears. A well-defined stop is formed where the muzzle joins the
skull. Muzzle The muzzle is fine, abruptly thinner than the head,
tapering to the nose. The length of the muzzle from the tip of the nose
to stop is approximately one-third the length of the head from tip of
nose to occiput. Nose black, small, rounded and slightly flat on
top. The following fault shall be severely penalized-Nose not black.
Lips tight, thin and black. Tongue must not be visible when jaws are
closed. Bite Teeth must meet in a scissors bite. Faults-Overshot
Neck, Topline, Body
Neck of medium length. Topline The backline is straight
and level. Body The chest is of medium depth with ribs well
sprung. The belly is tucked up. Tail long, set high and carried well
arched over the body. The tail is covered with a long, flowing plume.
The plume may hang to either side of the body. Faults-Low-set tail; one
not arched over the back, or too short.
Shoulders well developed and laid back to allow freedom of movement.
Forelegs slender, fine-boned and must be straight. Removal of dewclaws
on forelegs optional. Front feet thin and elongated (hare-like),
pointing neither in nor out.
Well developed and well angulated. The hind legs are slender,
fine-boned, and parallel when viewed from behind. Hocks inclined neither
in nor out. Dewclaws, if any, must be removed from hind legs. Hind feet
thin and elongated (hare-like), pointing neither in nor out.
Abundant, long, fine, silky, flowing, straight with resilient quality,
flat on back and sides of body. A profuse frill on chest. There is no
undercoat. Hair short and close on skull, muzzle, front of forelegs, and
from hind feet to hocks. Ears well fringed, with the inside covered with
silken hair of medium length. Backs of the forelegs are covered with
feathers diminishing to the pasterns. Hind legs are covered to the hocks
with abundant breeches (culottes). Tail is covered with a long, flowing
plume. Hair on feet is short, but fine tufts may appear over toes and
grow beyond them, forming a point.
Always parti-color or white with patches of any color(s). On the head,
color(s) other than white must cover both ears, back and front, and
extend without interruption from the ears over both eyes. A clearly
defined white blaze and noseband are preferred to a solidly marked head.
Symmetry of facial markings is desirable. The size, shape, placement,
and presence or absence of patches of color on the body are without
importance. Among the colors there is no preference, provided nose, eye
rims and lips are well pigmented black. The following faults shall be
severely penalized-Color other than white not covering both ears, back
and front, or not extending from the ears over both eyes. A slight
extension of the white collar onto the base of the ears, or a few white
hairs interspersed among the color, shall not be penalized, provided the
butterfly appearance is not sacrificed. Disqualifications An all
white dog or a dog with no white.
Free, quick, easy, graceful, not paddlefooted, or stiff in hip
Temperament Happy, alert and friendly. Neither shy nor
Height over 12 inches.
An all white dog or a dog with no white.
Approved June 10, 1991
Effective July 31, 1991